Singapore

Singapore, an island city-state off southern Malaysia, is a global financial centre with a tropical climate and multicultural population. In Chinatown stands the red-and-gold Buddha’s Tooth Relic Temple, Little India offers colourful souvenirs and Arab Street is lined with fabric shops. Singapore is also known for eclectic street fare, served in hawker centres such as Tiong Bahru and Maxwell Road.

Singapore's tropical climate welcomes both leisure and business travellers year round. Rainfall is fairly evenly distributed and warm weather is available through the year. The infrastructure enables visitors to enjoy its many sites and attractions in a safe, clean and green environment.

Award winning Changi Airport provides air links to major cities around the world. The train and subway systems are clean, fast and efficient. Walking can be a good way to explore the city too. All major attractions are accessible by tour bus. There are abundance of parks, nature reserves, and lush, tropical greenery in the city.

On the east coast there are many good seafood restaurants along the stretches of sandy beach. Sentosa is one of the popular day trip destinations which is linked to the south coast by a short causeway and cable car. Music, theatre and nightlife are abundant in this remarkable city.

Singapore overcame all kinds of difficulties and developed from a seaside town into a city-state first-class international metropolis. Singapore attracts people from all over the world by its special geographical location and great success in the commercial sector. During the 14th century, this small but strategically-located island earned a new name. According to legend, Sang Nila Utama, a Prince from Palembang (the capital of Srivijaya), was out on a hunting trip when he caught sight of an animal he had never seen before. Taking it to be a good sign, he founded a city where the animal had been spotted, naming it “The Lion City” or Singapura, from the Sanskrit words “simha” (lion) and “pura” (city). Today, Singapore is the blend of tradition and modernity. Many monuments, museums and memorials are waiting for you to explore.

Marina Bay

Marina Bay is the place to go to see the city's most spectacular side. Marina Bay Sands complex is the focal point of the bay, and many of the great things to do and see in the area revolve around this epic building and resort, such as the Science Museum, Casino and various shopping, dining and nightlife options. Arrive at Marina Bay around 8:00 pm local time to catch the spectacular light show, which illuminates the water as well as several icon landmarks.

Clarke Quay

Home to nightclubs and wine bars. For more excitement, try the G-MAX Reverse Bungy, to pump up your adrenaline or freefall 40 meters in the air with friends on the GX-5 Extreme Swing. Clarke Quay is also the place for dining, and a fun place to visit with children during the day.

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China Town

A great place for souvenirs shopping and for trying out authentic Chinese food. There are countless restaurants and hawker food vendors to choose from. Learn more about its history from the Chinatown Heritage Centre on Pagoda Street. Other attractions include Thian Hock Keng Temple, the oldest temple in Singapore, Buddha Tooth Relic Temple, Eu Yan Sang Chinese Medical Hall and Maxwell Road Food Centre.

Gardens By The Bay

A nature park spanning 250 acres in central Singapore adjacent to the Marina Reservoir and a home to a quarter of a million plants. The park consists of three waterfront gardens: Bay South Garden, Bay East Garden and Bay Central Garden.

It has been crowned World Building of the year at the world Architecture Festival 2012. The famous Super tree structures offer an impressive skywalk over the gardens, over-sized seashell-shaped greenhouses recreate chilly mountain climates and there are hundreds of trees and plants to discover, making this destination great fun for both kids and adults.

【Food】

Singapore's multi-ethnic culture and heritage has served up a multitude of colourful cuisines, each with its own unique flavour and aroma. When you see succulent cooked chicken hanging neatly in a row at a food stall, you are looking at one of Singapore’s national dishes - Hainanese Chicken Rice. A ubiquitous sight in hawker centres across the country, it is also on the menu in many major restaurants and even hotel cafes. All offer the same dish at varying prices: bite-sized chicken pieces – or a whole chicken if you’re eating as a big group - served with fragrant rice and a spicy chilli and ginger paste.

The recipe for the dish is adapted from early Chinese immigrants from Hainan Island, off the southern coast of China. Back in Hainan, locals call the dish "Wenchang chicken". They use a particular fowl that is bony and fibrous, and serve the chicken with oily rice. A ground green chilli dip rounds off the dish

There are various types of laksa in Singapore – from the tamarind-tang of Penang Laksa to the curry-like Sarawak Laksa. But none is more famous than the home-grown Katong Laksa. Katong Laksa is inspired by the Peranakans (Straits Chinese) who live in the Katong area. It has a spicy soup stock the colour of a flaming sunset, flavoured with coconut milk and dried shrimp, and topped with ingredients like cockles, prawns and fishcake.

This dish is a perfect mix of flavours: aromatic rice infused with coconut milk and pandan leaves, eaten with deep-fried fish or chicken wings, 'otah' (grilled fish paste), fried 'ikan bilis' (local anchovies) and peanuts, eggs, cucumber slices, and 'sambal' (spicy chilli paste).

【The Singapore Flyer】

The world’s largest observation which stands at 165 metres and is the height of a 42-storey building. With breathtaking panorama views that are so radically different during the day and at night. As the wheel turns, you will get the view of landmarks such as the Singapore River, Raffles Place, Marina Bay, Empress Place and the Padang.

【Sentosa】

pedestrian boardwalk and monorail. By Sentosa Station, Tiger Sky Tower has panoramic views that can stretch as far as Indonesia. On the south coast, Palawan Beach is lined with food stalls and bars, and has a suspension bridge to a small offshore island. Palm-lined, crescent-shaped Tanjong Beach is more tranquil.

Sentosa is home to an exciting array of themed attractions, award-winning spa retreats, lush rainforests, golden sandy beaches, resort accommodations, world-renowned golf courses, a deep-water yachting marina, thrilling slides and encounters with marine life, world largest themed wind tunnel for indoor sky diving and Southeast Asia steepest zipline – making Sentosa a vibrant island resort for business and leisure. Singapore’s first integrated resort, Resorts World Sentosa, operates South East Asia’s first Universal Studios theme park.

【Night Life】

Clarke Quay and Boat Quay are Singapore's most vibrant night entertainment venues. Clarke Quay is a tourist attraction located in the corner of the Singapore River. There are restaurants, shopping malls, recreational facilities, locals and foreign tourists alike. Just around the corner from Clarke Quay is Boat Quay. This little stretch, along with Circular Road, is lined with bars and nightclubs for just about any party animal.

Singapore is a major travel hub with planes going to every possible direction. People on transit can enjoy a free two hours tour of the city. Airport shuttles are available to most hotels.

It is possible to reach Singapore by sea from the following countries: ? Indonesia (Sumatra): boats regularly connect Medan with Penang and Dumai with Melaka. It is also possible to reach Johor Bahru from Sumatra (Batu Ampar or Tanjung Pinang). ? Malaysia: ferry crossing are possible between Changi Village and Tanjung Belungkor, east of Johor Bahru. More useful maybe is the high speed ferry to Tioman Island which operates daily except during the monsoon from 31 October to 1 March.

Singapore was once part of Malaysia. Frequent buses connect the Queen's Street Bus Station with Johor Bahru, a major travel hub in Malaysia. Long distance buses operate from Lavender Street Bus Station.

Best Time to go

The best time to visit Singapore is anytime! The island experiences a warm, tropical climate all year-round with daily temperatures range from 30C to 34C during the day and from 23C to 27C in the evening. Rainy months are November to January.

Peak season for travel falls between December and June, with "super-peak" beginning in mid-December and lasting through the Chinese Lunar New Year, which falls in January or February.

Tourist traffic will increase during key events such as Chinese New Year & Thaipusam (Jan – Feb), The Great Singapore Sales (May – Jul), Food Festival (Jul), Hungry Ghost Festival (Aug – Sep), Singapore Grand Prix (Sept) and Mid Autumn Festival (Aug – Sept).

Visa Requirements

Citizens of almost 80% of the world countries may travel to Singapore for a period ranging from 30 days to 90 days. Only 39 countries require visa for Singapore.

Click here to check Entry Requirements for Foreigners (For Social Visit purposes only)

Possession of a visa does not guarantee entry into Singapore. Visitors must also meet entry requirements such as holding a valid passport with minimum validity of at least six months upon entry, sufficient funds for the period of stay in Singapore and confirmed return/onward air ticket.

Stay Safe

Singapore is an extremely safe and clean city. You can travel to any parts of Singapore alone anytime of the year. Practically all Singaporeans speak English except for a very small number of very senior citizens. You can ask road directions from any local anywhere in the city.

Toilets, food restaurants and shops are everywhere and are clean to a very high standard. Smoking is prohibited in all indoor places where the public congregates and outdoor public facilities. Justice in Singapore can be harsh. Minor violations (such as spitting on the sidewalk) are considered offenses. And there are fines issued for just about any offense including smoking in public places, jaywalking, littering and even improper disposal of chewing gum.

Taxis are inexpensive and cab drivers are honest. All speak English and their own ethnic language ie. Chinese, Malay or Tamil. You can get be assured that you will always reach your destination safely.

The Singapore government has also stepped up security measures following the terrorist attacks in Bali, and remain very committed to maintaining Singapore’s reputation as a safe destination for travellers. Although Singapore is one of the safest countries in the world, please exercise caution and protection against your personal belongings.

Singapore is a cosmopolitan society where people live harmoniously and interaction among different races are commonly seen. The pattern of Singapore stems from the inherent cultural diversity of the island. The immigrants of the past have given the place a mixture of Malay, Chinese, Indian, and European influences, all of which have intermingled. Behind the facade of a modern city, these ethnic races are still evident. The areas for the different races, which were designated to them by Sir Stamford Raffles, still remain although the bulk of Singaporeans do think of themselves as Singaporeans, regardless of race or culture. Each still bears its own unique character.

Languages English, Chinese, Malay and Tamil are the four official languages spoken in Singapore and the national language is Malay. The national anthem is written in Malay language, however not many of the young generation know how to speak Malay. The young generation used English to communicate with different races. Singapore children learn English as their first language and their mother tongue as their second language in school, thus most of the Singaporeans are bilingual. Singapore Chinese beside speaking Mandarin, they have their own dialect group such as Hokkien,Teochew, Cantonese etc the most common dialect is Hokkien, even other races also understand some Hokkien. Due to the exposure of different languages in Singapore most of the Singaporean spoke more than one language. Singaporeans always like to combine a few languages in one sentence when they speak. These mixtures of languages also caused to the born of a unique language known as Singlish which is an identity of Singaporean and is spoken among Singaporean. Singlish is a mixture of Malay, English and Chinese language and it always end with a ‘lah’, ‘lao’ or ‘ma’. Is an improper speaking of English and is very popular in Singapore thus if you are a visitor, initially you will have difficulty to understand.

【Religion】

With such a cultural diversity, Singapore is also a multi-religious country. Religions tolerance, understanding and respect are also in build into Singapore culture. The main religious are Islam, Buddhism, Taoism, Christianity and Hinduism. Majority of the Chinese population in Singapore are Buddhism or Taoism but there are also a good number of them are Christians. Most of the Singapore Malay is Muslim while for Indian most of them are Hindus. There are also a group of people who don’t believe in any religious and they call themselves as free thinker. It is also a very common sight to see Church, Taoism temple, Hindu temple and Muslim mosque located side by side. This is a unique scene in Singapore showing the level of racial and religious harmony and mutual respect for others believe in Singapore.

Chinese New Year

Around January or February is depend on the Chinese lunar calendar and is the most important festival for Chinese. It marked the beginning of each year where Chinese celebrate by having reunion dinner on the eve of the New Year. For the next 15th days, friends and relatives visit one another, bearing gifts of mandarin oranges and “Hong Baos” (red packets filled with money) for the children. This exchange of items symbolizes good luck and prosperity. more.

【 Deepavali Festival】

Is also known as the festival of light and it fall around late October and November. Is to celebrate Lord Krishna’s victory over the evil Narakasura and signifies a time of renewal. This is also a day for Hindus to thank God for happiness, wealth and peace that they have received from God.

【 Hari Raya Puasa】

Is the celebration to mark the end of the fasting month of Ramadan. Hari Raya is also a time to reconcile and renew relationships with others to seek forgiveness physically and spiritually. On the actual day of the celebration, male members of households rise early to attend special prayers at the mosques. Past wrongs are forgiven and family visit the graves of those who departed as a mark of remembrance. Friends and relatives will visit each other to celebrate this special day and lot of traditional delicacies are prepared at each household for visitors.

Singapore is situated near the equator and has a typically tropical climate, with abundant rainfall, high and uniform temperatures, and high humidity all year round. Many of its climate variables, such as temperature and relative humidity, do not show large month-to-month variation. However, many variables exhibit prominent diurnal (or daily) variations from hour to hour, indicating the strong influence that solar heating has on the local climate.

Singapore’s climate is characterised by two monsoon seasons separated by inter-monsoonal periods (see table below). The Northeast Monsoon occurs from December to early March, and the Southwest Monsoon from June to September.

While there is no distinct wet or dry season in Singapore, monthly variations in rainfall do exists. Higher rainfall occurs from November to January during the wet phase of Northeast Monsoon season

Compared to countries in the temperate regions, temperatures in Singapore vary little from month to month and also from day to day. The daily temperature range has a minimum usually not falling below 23-25oC during the night and maximum not rising above 31-33oC during the day. May and June has the highest average monthly temperature (24-hour mean of 27.8oC) and December and January are the coolest (24-hour mean of 26.0oC). Singapore, being an island, also has a coastal climate. The proximity of the sea has a moderating influence on its climate. This is because water has a larger heat capacity than the land surface, and a greater amount of heat is required to increase the sea temperatures. During afternoons, conditions at the coast are often relieved by sea breezes. The presence of significant wind speeds, rainfall and cloud cover are the most important natural influences in mitigating the tropical heat.

Relative humidity shows a fairly uniform pattern throughout the year and does not vary much from month to month. Its daily variation is more marked, varying from more than 90% in the morning just before sunrise and falling to around 60% in the mid-afternoon on days when there is no rain. The mean annual relative humidity is 83.9%. Relative humidity frequently reaches 100% during prolonged periods of rain.

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